The scientific term for adult acne is Acne rosacea. It appears in the form of pus-filled, red colored eruptions especially on the nose and the cheeks. The occurrence gives the whole face an unsightly appearance.
Adult acne skin care starts with paying close attention to the changes happening in the patient. The vital point to keep in mind is that adult skin is not as resilient and elastic as that of teenagers. All harsh chemicals and products, alkaline soaps that strip off the natural oil of the skin, should be strictly avoided. The face must be washed with mild cleansers specially formulated for oily skin. Excessive washing can stimulate excess oil secretion to replenish the oil balance of the skin, and result in aggravated conditions. A cleanser that contains salicylic acid soothes the inflammations and unclogs the pores to prevent acne breakouts. However it must be used in moderate quantities to preserve the moisture content.
The adult skin lacks the ability to retain moisture effectively after it is subjected to abrasive and dehydrating actions of benzoyl peroxide. Hence the application of hypoallergenic, non-pore-clogging water-based moisturizers may be needed, especially if the skin feels tight and dry after washing.
A gel or lotion that contains silica produces a mattefying effect by soaking up the excess oil. Clay masks are also very useful. Before going out into the sun, a water-based sun-screen with SPF 15 must be used. All make-up must strictly be oil-free in composition. Any cosmetic that contains alcohol or witch-hazel may excessively dry out the skin and hence must strictly be avoided. The face-powder can give a matte look, by controlling the shine due to excess oil, but it might also clog the pores, triggering bouts of acne.
To prevent adult acne, exfoliating the skin is also essential, especially after a long day at work. A retinoid lotion or serum can be used for this purpose. These are derivatives of Vitamin A. these promote the manufacture of collagen by the skin, helping in reduction of wrinkles and sunspots. The skin feels firm and supple. However, sensitiveness to the rays of the sun is enhanced, so these products should be preferably used at bedtime. A patient who is regularly using retinoid products should do well to stay away from waxing or microdermainbrasion because these products end to hinder the self-healing properties of the skin.